MadChess 3.0 Beta 42d7702 (Position Cache Optimization)

Quoting from my Pull Request #12:

Converted Cache class’ _positions field from a jagged array to a flat array. The flat array is more memory efficient than a jagged array. Jagged arrays have a .NET object header for each sub-array (for garbage collection tracking of reachable-from-root). This enables more positions to be stored per megabyte of memory. The code in this PR stores 65,536 positions per MB = 8,388,608 positions for a typically sized 128 MB cache.

Added stats to track cache hit %, best move found in cached position %, and count of invalid best moves. Stats are displayed when the debug on command is sent.

Experimented condensing CachedPosition struct from two ulongs to a single ulong. Only 15 bits were available for a partial key. Testing showed the partial key caused too many invalid best moves to be extracted from cached positions. Performed weaker than leaving CachedPosition as a struct with a full key.

Here’s my implementation of the Cache class.

Here’s my implementation of the associated CachedPosition struct and CachedPositionData static class.

This improved cache code increased the playing strength of MadChess 3.0 Beta by 8 ELO.

 

Feature Category Date Commit1 WAC2 ELO Rating3 Improvement
Position Cache Optimization Search 2021 Feb 23 42d7702 286 2570 +8
Move Generation Optimization Search 2021 Feb 17 22002dc 287 2562 +12
PVS and Null Move Search 2021 Feb 09 f231dac 285 2550 +20
Remove Aspiration Windows Search 2020 Dec 20 4b7963b 290 2530 +9
Time Management Search 2020 Dec 19 d143bb5 286 2521 +8
Crash Bug Search 2020 Aug 29 2d855ec 288 2513 +0
King Safety Evaluation 2020 Aug 16 6794c89 288 2513 +63
Eval Param Tuning Evaluation 2020 Jul 23 bef88d5 283 2450 +30
Late Move Pruning Search 2020 Feb 08 6f3d17a 288 2420 +29
Piece Mobility Evaluation 2020 Feb 01 5c5d4fc 282 2391 +62
Passed Pawns Evaluation 2018 Dec 27 103 279 2329 +119
Staged Move Generation Search 2018 Dec 15 93 275 2210 +39
History Heuristics Search 2018 Dec 03 84 275 2171 +28
Eval Param Tuning Evaluation 2018 Nov 24 75 272 2143 +47
Sophisticated Search
Material and Piece Location
Baseline 2018 Nov 08 58 269 2096 0
  1. GitHub commit (hash) or Subversion source code revision (integer)
  2. Win At Chess position test, 3 seconds per position
  3. Bullet chess, 2 min / game + 1 sec / move
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